The Legislative Assembly Elections in India are the elections in which the Indian electorate chooses the members of the Vidhan Sabha or (Legislative/State Assembly). They are held every five years and the members of the legislative assembly are called MLA. The assembly elections are never carried out in the same year for all states and union territories. The legislative assembly elections are held in all the 29 states and 2 of the 7 union territories of India.
Purpose of State Elections: – State Elections are conducted for representation in State Assemblies and the members are called MLA’s. Both state and center have upper houses and lower houses where members of which are indirectly elected by proportional representation of members of various parties in the lower house.
Steps for state elections: – Most important steps involved in state elections are
Formation of constituencies
Filling of nominations
Scrutiny of nominations
Polling personnel and the polling
Counting of votes
Declaration of Results
Submission of account relating to election expense
Legislative Assembly: – A member of legislative Assembly is called an MLA, who is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the legislature of a state in the Indian system of government.
Simultaneous Elections: – Frequent elections for state and centre hamper long-term policymaking because every decision is seen as reason for votes. With the opinion to end this viciouc cycle of elections, Chief Election Commissioner has revived the debate on the proposal of simultaneous elections.
Benefits of State Elections: – Political parties will be forced to nuance the issues of state candidates vs the Parliamentary candidates which means they will be forced to stick to real issues not dishonestly exploit one for the other. Most importantly opposition parties will be forced to behave and be productive in the house since there wont be any upside to disrupting the house regularly.