As it’s much talked about two seats are reserved for Anglo-Indian community in Lok Sabha. The exit of Britisher’s followed the fateful event of partition which created a furore amongst the minorities in the country. Anglo Indian community was represented by Frank Anthony at that time that was promised a special provision for the community in the constitution in the form of two reserved seats in Lok Sabha after he put forward his concerns before Jawaharlal Nehru. Later on few state assemblies also adopted these provisions.
Fact: – One interesting fact to note about these provisions though, they were supposed to lapse after 10 years, but the political groups never afforded to end it and as quiet evident its being misused by the political parties to meet their own ends.
Role: – The basic premise for the nomination of the Anglo-Indian Members of the Parliament to the House of the People or the Lok Sabha is to have these members represent the relative concerns of their community in the Parliament.
Requirement to elect: – Being one of the minority sections of the society as compared to other categories Anglo-Indians are not subject to any kind of reservations. Hence the essential aspect is followed by Government of India that two particular members of the relevant community can voice their opinions and concerns for their community.
Eligibility of Anglo-Indian Member: – Qualification needed to be a member of Anglo-Indian community nominated to the Parliament is,
– He/she must be citizen of India.
– He/ She must not be less than 25 years of age.
– He/ She should not be in possession of any office which falls under the Government of India, or the Government of any other state.
– He/ She should not be of unsound mind.
Power of the Anglo-Indian MP: – Once elected the Anglo-Indian MP can exercise their power and functions just equal to other MP’s in the House. Following are some of the powers,
– Law-making Powers: – This is most important function of MP IS Law-making.
– Control over the Executive: – MP’s can keep a watch on the everyday activities of the Executive, question them, expose them and remove a ruling cabinet from power, by passing the vote of no confidence. This operations falls under Parliamentary form of government.
– Financial Powers: – Like other MP’s this is the foremost functions of the Anglo-Indian MP’s.
– Judicial Powers: – The MP’s can impeach the President, the Vice-President and the other high Federal Officers from their post. MP’s also enjoy punitive powers reacting to any act which goes against constitution of India.
– Amending Powers: – The MP’s of both the Houses can amend the Constitution of India.
– Electoral Powers: – The MP’s enjoy certain special electoral powers like electing the President and the Vice-President of the country.
Duty Term: – The term of the Lok Sabha is Five years, so just like other MP’s the Anglo-Indian MP’s vacate their office every five years before fresh elections.