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Political Background

Assam has always been an important state in Indian political history. The state has 126 constituencies. The first Lok Sabha elections were won by the most predominant party of that time Indian National Congress. The day Assam was declared as a state, it became prominent for the Indian politics. Indian National Congress has always dominated Lok Sabha Elections results in the state. It has won last three elections with ease. The state is headed by ceremonial post hold by the Governor with its cabinet ministry. The state has been governed under the guidelines of Constitution of India and periodical elections are held in the state.

Political parties of Assam

National level Political Parties: Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI).

State Level Political parties: Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), Asom Gana Parishad (Progressive) (AGPP)    Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM), Autonomous State Demand Committee (ASDC), Bodo People’s Progressive Front (BPPF), Purbanchaliya Loka Parishad (PLP), Trinamul Gana Parishad (TGP), United Minority Front (UMF).

The Legislature

The state of Assam holds a unicameral legislation system.

State Legislative Assembly

Assam lawmaking body has a tenure of 5 years and comprises of 126 members. The assembly has a speaker, generally a member of ruling party. The Chief Minister of Assam is Sarbananda Sonowal and reports to the Governor of Assam.

Assam Lok Sabha Elections 2014- An Overview

Unlike the trend set by Indian National Congress in past few elections, it took only three seats this time. BJP took half of the seats from the total seats i.e., seven seats from the 14 seats. All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) also won three seats. The elections were conducted in three phases in Assam in 2014.

Upcoming Elections

The major roadblocks in the state are unemployment, corruption, and inflation. The state fighting with the lack of resources and increased number of immigrants would put it harder for the ruling party in upcoming elections. Definitely, Assam is an important state in the politics of the country with its 14 Lok Sabha seats; it would set a chaotic battleground for two major parties of the country and regional parties lurking for power.

Quick facts for Assam Elections

Parliamentary Constituencies14
Assembly Constituencies 126
Chief MinisterSarbananda Sonowal
GovernorJagdish Mukhi
Ruling PartyBharatiya Janta Party
Leader of the OppositionDebabrata Saikia, INC
High Court of JudicatureGauhati
Chief Electoral OfficerShri Vijayendra
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