There are two houses of the Commonwealth Parliament. All Australian citizens who are above 18years of age and are enrolled to vote, elect people who may represent them in the two houses of the Commonwealth Parliament.
The Federal Electoral System has its own set of guide in the name of Commonwealth Electoral Procedures, where both structure and language of the Commonwealth Electoral Act, 1918 is followed.
The Australian Electoral System is inclusive of the laws and the processes used for the election of members of the Australian Parliament. As elections are fundamental to Democracy, Australia has a regular elections in which the constituents-citizens who vote-elect other citizens to represent them.
In this section we have:-
Federal Election Timetable:- Certain number of essential steps is involved in holding a general election or a by-election. These steps start with the issue of writs and end with the return of the writs after counting of votes.
Redistributions: –This section is for the Current Entitlement where, the number of people of the Commonwealth and of the several states and territories entitled for electoral divisions.
Referendums: – A Referendum is the basis of casting vote by people on measures proposed or passed by the Australian Parliament.
Double Dissolution: – This is provided by the Parliament under section 57 of the Constitution when the House of Representatives and the Senate cannot agree on a Bill.
Electoral Offences: – There are more than 60 electoral offences, and it may keep changing over the time as Parliament amends the relevant Act. The major offences in force for the purpose of federal elections are contained In the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918, in the general provisions of the Criminal Code.
Candidates: – This includes information of the Parties, Candidates and scutineers.
Standing as a Candidate:- Here we have sub-sections like Counting the votes, Candidates /scrutineers information, Nomination Forms, Expected Election day polling places, Electoral Advertising, Electoral Backgrounders, Postal Vote Guidelines, Ballot paper Logos, Party Registration Guide, Funding and Disclosure Guides.
Voting at a polling place: – There are several options included like the polling place opens, How-to-vote cards, Questions you will be asked, Casting your vote, the polling place closes,
Guidelines for the reproduction of postal votes:-The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 requires that a postal vote application (PVA) be in the approved form [s184(1)]. The Australian Election Commission approves the form by published notice on the AEC’s website.
Frequently asked questions-elections:– Some of the frequently asked questions are as below mentioned;
-How much do elections cost?
-What is a double dissolution election?
-What is a marginal seat?
-What is a Writ?
-What swing is required for a seat to change hands?
– What is the difference between the half and the full Senate elections?
– Why doesn’t the AEC check the eligibility of all candidates at an election?