- Bahujan Samaj Party literally means “People in majority”.
- The party is fighting to establish a casteless society.
The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) was established on the birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in 1984. It was formed primarily to represent the Bahujans (literally meaning “People in majority”), referring to people from the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Castes (OBC) as well as religious minorities that together constitute about 85 percent of India’s population. The party claims to be inspired by the philosophy of Lord Gautam Buddha, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, Narayana Guru, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Periyar E.V. Ramaswamy and Chatrapati Shahuji Maharaj.
The main base of BSP is in Uttar Pradesh. It has an elephant as its election symbol. The BSP has at least 50 percent representation of youth in its organizational structure. Its primary focus is to uplift the downtrodden groups of the nation. It believes in the ideology of “Social Transformation and Economic Emancipation” of the “Bahujan Samaj”. The “Bahujan Samaj”, to them, includes the lower-caste groups in India such as SC, ST and OBC. It also includes religious minorities like Christians, Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis. They hold Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the defender of lower-caste rights, as one of their key icons and ideological inspirations. They also believe in equal opportunity and provide a strong emphasis on social justice.
Origin of the word Bahujan
The Pali word “Bahujana” is mostly found in the literature of Buddhist texts. Lord Gautam Buddha used this word to guide his disciples to work for the Bahujana Hitaya Bahujana Sukhaya (meaning Benefit and prosperity of majority people).
Famous Leaders of BSP
- 1. Kanshi Ram(15 March 1934 – 9 October 2006): Also known as Bahujan Nayak or Saheb, Kanshi Ram was an Indian politician and social reformer who worked for the upliftment and political mobilisation of the Bahujans, which include the SCs, STs and the OBCs. With this view in mind, he founded the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) in the year 1984. He was one of the most popular leaders in Bahujan Samaj Party who ceded leadership of the BSP to his protégé Mayawati.
- Mayawati Das: Popularly known as Mayawati or Kumari Mayawati (Miss Mayawati), she is an Indian politician who spent four separate terms (briefly in 1995 and again in 1997, then from 2002 to 2003 and from 2007 to 2012) as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh. She was the first female Scheduled Caste chief minister in India and was the national president of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), which focuses improving the lives of the weakest strata of Indian society, the Bahujans. She is one of the most famous leaders in the list of famous leaders in Bahujan Samaj Party.
- Satish Chandra Mishra: Satish Chandra Misra is an Indian politician who was a cabinet minister during the ministry of Mayawati in Uttar Pradesh, India and a part of Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). He is a member of Rajya Sabha and is presently the All India General Secretary of Bahujan Samaj Party. He is one of the most famous leaders in Bahujan Samaj Party.
The political ideology of BSP is against the “Manuwadi Social System” that is based on the “Varna” and hence they are struggling hard to establish a society, where people of every caste enjoy equal social rights as well as justice.