Eligibility for being Presidential Candidates

President in simple terms is known as the person who holds the highest political position in a country that is Republic and who in some of these countries is the leader of the government. Following are the descriptive aspects of various countries, and the rules set up to clarify as the positioned presidential candidate, respectively.

United States of America: – The legal requirements for presidential candidates in have remained the same over the years. As per the directions of the US Constitution, a presidential candidate must be a natural born citizen of the United States, a resident of 14years, and 35 years of age or older.These particulars don’t restrict women or minority candidates from running.

Russia: – The criteria for a candidate to run for presidential elections in Russia, says that the candidate must be a citizen of the Russian Federation who is at least 35 years old and has permanently resided in Russia for minimum period of 10 years. The Russian Constitution limits the election of one person to the Presidency of two consecutive terms.

France: – As per the French Electoral code, a candidate for a presidential election in France must be a citizen, should have attained 18 years of age, has to be qualified to vote, not to be ineligible by dint of a criminal conviction or judicial decision and should compulsorily have a bank account.

Germany: – The article 54, section 1, of the German constitution states that any German who is entitled to vote in Bundestag elections and has attained the age of forty may be elected. The constitution also states that a person who possesses German citizenship or who has been admitted to the territory of the German Reich within the boundaries of December 31, 1937as a refugee or expellee of German ethnic origin or as a spouse/descendant.

Mexico: – The Constitution of Mexico suggests an individual to be a natural born citizen of Mexico, and the age criterion is for 35 years.  He/she should have resided in Mexico for at least20 years in his entire lifetime and that before election. The person should not be a secretary or under-secretary of state, attorney general, or governor of a state at least 6 months prior to elections.

South Korea: – Article 67 of the Constitution of South Korea requires the candidates to be citizen of South Korea and atleast should be 40 years of age and eligibility for election to the National Assembly is must. Additional article 16 reflects the Public Official Election Act, the candidate to have resided in South Korea for 5 years.

Turkey: – Article 101 of the Constitution of Turkey specifically mentions that the President of Turkey shall have completed higher education, be of 40 years of age and be a member of the Turkish Grand National Assembly or a Turkish citizen eligible to be a deputy.

India: – Article 58 of the Constitution of India specifies the principle qualification for presidential candidate is that one should be the citizen of India and he/she should be of at least 35 years of age or above. The candidate should qualify to become a member of the Lok Sabha.

Pakistan: – The constitution of Pakistan sets the principle qualifications that the presidential candidate must be a citizen of Pakistan and that he/she should be a Muslim. The age restriction is that he/she should be of minimum 45 years of age and that the candidate should be qualified to be elected as a member of the National Assembly.

 

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