Guide to Voting in the Canadian Federal Election

Guide to Voting in the Canadian Federal Election

Democracy is defined as government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.

Canadians generally pride themselves in being able to call this democratic nation home; Canada is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy that has been adopted from the British system According to the Canadian norms people who is over 18 years is eligible to vote in a federal, provincial or local election.The different levels of government keeps lists of eligible voters in every area of the country, and in order to vote on Election Day, citizens are expected to be able to confirm their identity, usually by showing voter ID of some kind, at the voting place top of form. 

Guidance towards Voting

During a federal election, your vote helps choose the prime minister.

Who can vote?

To vote in a Canadian federal election you must be:

  • A Canadian citizen
  • 18 years old or older on election day;
  • Residents in the electoral district; and
  • Registered on the Voters List

Can I take time off work to vote?

Every voter must have 3 consecutive hours off work to vote. If you have 3 consecutive hours of your own time available during polling hours, your employer does not need to give you additional time for voting.

How do I add my name to the Voter’s List?

The Voters List is a list of people who are registered and eligible to vote in the federal election. The Voters List can have mistakes from old information and often, names are missing from this list. If you are not on the Voters List, you can add your name on or before Election Day.

How do I know if I am on the Voters List?

When the election is announced, Elections Canada creates lists of voters using information from the National Register of Electors.

How do I choose who to vote for?

Each candidate has different ideas about what is important, how to spend tax money, and how to solve problems. You need to decide what is important to you, and what you think is best for Canada.

Can I get help while voting?

Yes. If you find voting difficult for any reason, a friend or relative can help you vote. You can also ask the Deputy Returning Officer (DRO) to help you vote.

How do I vote if I have special needs?

Elections Canada has services for people with disabilities and people with other special needs.

Who can I call if I have any questions about voting?

During the campaign period you can call or visit your returning officer.


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