India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world but, the poverty ratio is high here. The poor and low castes vote comparatively more than the upper and rich castes. Well, all the elected government parties like BJP, Congress, AAP, and others have pro-poor policies but, the people who live under the line of poverty have higher expectations from the state than the upper class. As we know India is a country where every citizen despite caste, creed, religion, and economic status are given equal rights but, not everyone is equal though.
Well, one of the main reasons behind is poverty is the debt which makes it difficult to meet the ends. “Rich become richer while the poor become poorer” is the situation in India under the present political system, where all parties are working hard to insult another party rather than focusing on the work.
The poor borrow money from rich to fulfill their basic need like food, clothes, and medicine as well as to fulfill some social needs and economically unproductive events, such as family weddings. The Government tries to help them hard but, they are forced both by the political process of governance as well as by economic and social institutions. Still, there are many steps taken by the government to reduce the poverty from the country.
Here are the important measures adopted by Indian political bodies to reduce poverty in India:
Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP):
Government is working on this since 1978-79. The program is named as Integrated Rural Development Program, which was started with the aim to fulfil local needs and availing resources by self-employment ventures.
Training Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM):
The scheme of TRYSEM was launched with the main purpose of providing technical skills to rural youth so that they can get employment in sectors like industry, agriculture, and others.
Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Program:
Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Program was launched to make additional employment in rural areas.
Jawahar Rozgar Yojana:
It is one of the best employment programs in India. Under this program, it is said that at least one member in a family would be allocated a work for 50- 100 days.
Million Well Scheme:
It is commonly funded by the state and central government in the ratio of 80: 20 to provide irrigation wells free of cost to poor.
Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana:
This scheme was launched to create better infrastructure in the village and to generate employment possibilities to alleviate poverty.
Apart from this, there are many measures taken by the Indian politicians to support the poor and dealing with poverty. Well, by the constant efforts of government, India is no longer a country with the highest rate of poverty. As the report released by ‘Future Development’ said, “At the end of May 2018, our projections suggest that Nigeria had about 87 million people in extreme poverty, compared with India’s 73 million. The extreme poverty in Nigeria is growing by six people every minute, while poverty in India continues to fall.”