Jammu and Kashmir Political Background
The state of Jammu and Kashmir has always seen a turbulent phase of politics as it has been the apple of discord between India and Pakistan. The state has been granted a multi-party democratic system of governance. Post Independence the most prominent parties have been The People’s Democratic Party (PDP) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) collectively. The ongoing militant activities and separatists have always affected the political system and peace of this state. But people of the state have restored faith on the political system after the elections of 2002. In last elections held in 2014, PDP won the most number of seats followed by BJP winning 25 seats.
Political Parties in Jammu and Kashmir
National level parties: Jammu and Kashmir National Conference (JKNC), Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Jammu and Kashmir People’s Democratic Party (JKPDP).
The State political parties :All Jammu and Kashmir Patriotic Peoples Front, Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir), Jamaat-e-Islami Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party, Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party, Mallah Insaf Party, Praja Parishad Jammu and Kashmir
The state of Jammu & Kashmir has a bicameral legislature comprising of two houses-State legislative Assembly and State Legislative Council
State Legislative Assembly
In 1951, with Sheikh Abdullah as the head of the National Conference got a majority in the new constituent assembly and became head of the government. The term of Legislative Assembly is 6 years with a total of 87 members. The leader of the house is Chief Minister and meetings are presided over by the speaker.
State Legislative Council
Also called as Vidhan Parishad, the uppers house of Jammu and Kashmir has a fixed six-year term with one-third of the members retiring every two years. There are total 36 seats in the council.
Jammu and Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 2014 -An Overview
After much speculation, the elections in the state were held in five phases, from 25 November to 23 December. Out of all participating parties, Jammu & Kashmir National Conference (JKNC), the Indian National Congress (INC) got the majority in the legislature before the elections of 2014, each with 28 and 17 seats respectively. Both Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) bagged three seats each in 2014 elections.
As per the last, Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections results, all different parties came with the majority on state and national level seats. As per the state’s current political situation, it would not be easy for any party to grab the majority in the state. BJP would be campaigning in the favor of Kashmiri Pandits and other prevailing issues in the state to get the seat in the state. While regional parties have a strong hold on assembly elections it has paved a way for the speculations for results in the state.