Jharkhand was separated from the state of Bihar in 2000, since formation, this state has seen a lot of ups and downs in term of politics. This state has a large number of political parties fighting for power; hence the politics have always been active from the heydays. The most prominent parties in the state have been Bharatiya Janta party, Indian National Congress, and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha. The political system has changed significantly for the new state in recent years.
Political Parties in Jharkhand
Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI), Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM), Janata Dal (United) JD(U), Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), All India Trinamool Congress (AITC), Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation), Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha, Janata Dal (Secular)JD(S), All India Forward Bloc (Subhasist) AIFB(S), Indian Justice Party (IJP), SadanVikas Party (SVKP) RashtriyaSamanta Dal (RSMD), Jharkhand Vikas Dal (JVD).
The state of Jharkhand has a unicameral lawmaking body.
Legislative Assembly of Jharkhand
Also known as Vidhan Sabha, the assembly comprises of 81 members who are directly elected from their respective constituencies and one nominated member. The capital of the state is Ranchi.
Jharkhand Lok Sabha Election 2014- An Overview
In the Lok Sabha 2014 elections, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) got a magnanimous victory in Jharkhand by bagging 12 seats out of total 14 seats. The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha the most prominent party of the state could hardly get two seats in the state. Retaining it’s winning track in Assembly Elections of 2014, BJP again grabbed most number of seats and proclaimed itself as a standalone party in the state. BJP choose a nontribal representative to be the Chief Minister of the state.
It is unlikely for other parties to make inroads with a majority in the state of Jharkhand. BJP has won both central and state level elections in the state in 2019; there is no doubt about the stronghold of the party in the state politics. The state of fragile politics with lots of issues like Naxalism would offer a lot of drama with a lot of parties lurking for power, during the upcoming elections.