In all India has 29 states with capital and each state has its own head who is called as Chief Minister of the state. There are also Governors of all states appointed.
Duties of Chief Minister: – Chief Minister is the Head of the state who usually give directives to the governor, and it’s the governor who performs duties on orders of CM. Also, CM has to be one of the most important and a clear medium of communication between Governor and the Council of Ministers. The duties of the Council of Ministers are directed by CM to the Governor.
Powers of Chief Minister: –
1: The leader of the Legislative Assembly: – As CM is the leader of the Legislative Assembly, he/ she direct the duties to the governor in case there is any explanation needed for government policies. The determination of internal policies of state, the final decision is of CM. There is a major responsibility of getting important bills passed and also takes care of the minister who faces difficulty in presenting a debate in Assembly. He is responsible for the performance of Council of Ministers and also ensures smooth proceedings of the House with good relations with opposition. In case of any disagreement with the council of ministers CM can order governor to dissolve the Legislative Assembly and governor can reject the advice of CM by exercising discretionary powers.
- The Leader of Council of Ministers: – Being the head of the council of ministers constitutionally, CM virtually gets preeminence to the leadership. The CM allocates the portfoliosamong the ministers. The responsibility of maintaining unity among council of ministers largely lies with the CM. Presiding over the meetings CM also has to keep monitoring the policies and work done by council of ministers. If the CM resigns the entire council of ministers has to resign, which is a political tool used by CM to keep his ministers in control.
- The chief adviser to the governor: – Chief Minister acts as the principal channel between the governor and the council of ministers. It is his duty to communicate to the governor all decisions of the Council of Ministers.
- The Leader of the majority party or alliance: – Chief Minister has to lead him party in and outside the Assembly, and to see that the image, popularity, integrity and discipline of the party are maintained. The popularity of the party largely depends on the personality of then CM and that he/she has to actively reconcile the policy of the party or the alliance with the government.
- Miscellaneous Functions: – The perfect connectivity with the voters i.e. with people at large is of utmost importance. With formulation of certain government policies and while performing functions opinion of public has to be widely kept in mind. His/ her speeches in the radio and television or any public domain help in discussing the problems and issues of the state with formation of public opinion.
|Andhra Pradesh||N. Chandrababu Naidu|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Pema Khandu|
|Haryana||Manohar Lal Khattar|
|Himachal Pradesh||Jai Ram Thakur|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Mehbooba Mufti|
|Madhya Pradesh||Shivraj Singh Chouhan|
|Manipur||N. Biren Singh|
|Sikkim||Pawan Kumar Chamling|
|Tamil Nadu||Edappadi K. Palaniswami|
|Telangana||K. Chandrashekhar Rao|
|Uttar Pradesh||Yogi Adityanath|
|Uttarakhand||Trivendra Singh Rawat|
|West Bengal||Mamata Banerjee|