There is no constitutional post of Governor of our country. The President is Head of the State and the Prime Minister is the Head of the Government in India. Talking in reference of each and every state, there is a Governor who is appointed by the President. There is a governor appointed for each state of the country who is also the constitutional head for each state.
Role of Governor: – Though the real power lies with the Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers of state, governor acts as the nominal head of the state. The basic sensibility to be maintained by the governor is under Article 159 he/she has to preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law as per the oath.
Powers: – The governor has many different powers like,
- Executive Powers: – The executive powers of the State government are given to governor where, the governor appoints the Chief Minister as well as the Council of Ministers of the state. The governor also has the power to appoint the Advocate General and the chairman and the members of the state public service commission.
- Legislative Powers: – The governor summons the sessions of both houses of the state and also holds the full authority to dissolve Vidhan Sabha.
- Discretionary Powers: – The governor has a discretionary power to appoint a chief ministerial candidate if there is no proven majority. A report is to be submitted by the governor to the President regarding the affairs of the state. He/she can withhold his/her assent to a bill and send it for President’s approval. With specific directions of the President, governor can override the advice of the council of ministers during an emergency.
Legal Immunity: – The governor can be subjected to questioning apart from his/her voluntary agreement to testify in court, under Article 361 of Constitution of India. This procedure is followed in case of any controversial deeds or unconstitutional decisions taken by him/her.
Selection Process: – The appointment of governors falls under Article 157 and Article 158 of the Constitution of India, where, a governor must be a citizen of India. He/she should be atleast 35 years of age. He/she should not be a member of either of the House of the Parliament or house of the state legislature. He/she shall not be holding any other office of profit.
Current Governors of Indian States are
|State (Past governors)||Name|
|Andhra Pradesh||E. S. L.Narasimhan|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Brigadier B. D. Mishra|
|Bihar||Satya Pal Malik|
|Chhattisgarh||Balram Das Tondon|
|Gujarat||Om Prakash Kohli|
|Haryana||Kaptan Singh Solanki|
|Himachal Pradesh||Acharya Dev Vrat|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Narinder Nath Vohra|
|Madhya Pradesh||Anandiben Patel|
|Maharashtra||C. Vidyasagar Rao|
|Odisha||S. C. Jamir|
|Punjab||V. P. Singh Badnore|
|Tamil Nadu||Banwarilal Purohit|
|Telangana||E. S. L. Narasimhan (Additional Charge)|
|Uttar Pradesh||Ram Naik|
|Uttarakhand||Krishan Kant Paul|
|West Bengal||Keshari Nath Tripathi|
Lieutenant governors and administrators of Union Territories
|Office and Union Territory (past officeholders)||Name|
|Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar
|Admiral Devendra Kumar Joshi|
|Administrator of Chandigarh||V. P. Singh Badnore|
|Administrator of Dadra and Nagar Haveli||Praful Khoda Patel (Additional Charge)|
|Administrator of Daman and Diu||Praful Khoda Patel|
|Lieutenant Governor of Delhi||Anil Baijal|
|Administrator of Lakshadweep||Farooq Khan|
|Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry||Kiran Bedi|