Since Independence India has seen 14 full-time Prime Ministers and one plus which join in to be 15 who was the then acting Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister as per the Indian Constitution is appointed or sworn-in by the President of India, and in the most usual manner the Prime Minister is the elected person who is the leader of the party or alliance which has a majority in the Lok Sabha which is the Lower House of Parliament of India.
Following is the list of names of Prime Ministers of India:
Jawaharlal Nehru – Jawaharlal Nehru is the first Prime Minister of Independent India who has also played a significant role by exerting modern values and thinking which was evidently helpful in shaping up the modern India. His tenure as PM of India was from 15 August 1947 – 27 May 1964. Till date he is the longest serving PM of India. One of the most famous political leaders of India, he belonged to the Indian National Congress.
Gulzarilal Nanda – Gulzarilal Nanda was the first Interim Prime Minister of India. He served his tenure from 27 May 1964 – 9 June 1964 and from 11 January 1966 – 24 January 1966. He was the then acting Prime Minister of India for two short terms following the deaths of Jawaharlal Nehru and Lal Bahadur Shastri. Nanda belonged to the Indian National Congress
Lal Bahadur Shastri – Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of India and one of the most popular political leaders in India. Shastri gave the popular slogan of ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ and he has also initiated the ‘White Revolution’ with a view to increase the production of milk in India. Shastri served his term from 9 June 1964 – 11 January 1966, he belonged to the Indian National Congress.
Indira Gandhi – Indira Gandhi was the first woman Prime Minister of India and also the longest serving woman Prime Minister of India. Her tenure as third Indian PM was from 24 January 1966 – 24 March 1977 and from 14 January 1980 – 31 October 1984. The most powerful Prime Minister of India, Indira’s courage made India win over Pakistan in 1971 and also ensured strong international strategic relations with neighboring countries. She belonged to the Indian National Congress.
Morarji Desai – Morarji Desai was the first Non-Congress and fourth Prime Minister of India, who along with his ministers formally ended the state Emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi. Morarji Desai was one of the most popular political leaders in India. He belonged to the Janata Party and his tenure as PM of India was from 24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979.
Charan Singh – Charan Singh was the fifth Prime Minister of India and a leader of the Janata Party (Secular), who proved to be instrumental in removing of the Zamindari System and who brought in Land Reforms Act. His tenure as PM of India was from 28 July 1979 – 14 January 1980.
Rajiv Gandhi – Rajiv Gandhi was the sixth and the youngest Prime Minister of India who played a concrete role in introducing computers to India and also attempted to modernize the Indian administration. Rajiv was the scion of the politically powerful Nehru-Gandhi family. With expansion of economic co-operation Gandhi also prioritized bilateral relationship with the US. His tenure as PM was from 31 October1984 – 2 December 1989, He belonged to the Indian National Congress.
Vishwanath Pratap Singh – V. P. Singh was the seventh Prime Minister of India, who worked immensely for the upliftment of the poor and the backward castes of the society. Singh’s tenure as PM of India was from 2 December 1989 – 10 November 1990 and he belonged to the Janata Dal (National Front).
Chandra Shekhar – Chandra Shekhar was the eighth Prime Minister of India, who played a vital role in nationalization of banks and ending of Privy Purse being given to royal families. His tenure as PM of India was from 10 November 1990 – 21 June 1991. He belonged to the Samajwadi Janata Party.
P. V. Narasimha Rao – Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao was ninth and one of the most famous Prime Ministers of India. Known as the Father of Indian Economic Reforms, Narasimha Rao dismantled the license Raj and reversed the socialist policies of Rajiv Gandhi’s government. His was referred to as Chanakya. His tenure as PM of India was from 21 June 1991 – 16 May 1996. He belonged to the Indian National Congress.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee – Vajpayee was the tenth Prime Minister of India and one of the most famous PM of India. He worked on the economic reforms of the rural population of India, Telecom industries touched new heights and it was during his tenure that the relations between India-Pakistan went well. His tenure as PM of India was from 16 May 1996 – 1 June 1996 (for 16 days) and from 19 March 1998 – 22May 2004. He belonged to the Bharatiya Janata Party.
H. D. Deve Gowda – Haradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda was the eleventh Prime Minister of India. During his tenure as PM of India Devegowda has held additional charges of Home Affairs, Petroleum and Chemicals, Urban Employment, Food Processing, Personnel, etc. he had been collectively elected leader of United Front coalition government. He served as PM of India from 1 June 1996 – 21 April 1997. He belonged to the Janata Dal (United Front).
Inder Kumar Gujral – I. K. Gujral had an important task during his term as PM was his resistance in signing CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty). He also gave five point doctrines known as Gujral Doctrine. He belonged to the Janata Dal (United Front) and served from 21 April 1997 – 19 March 1998.
Manmohan Singh – Singh was the thirteenth and the most popular Prime Minister of India, whose government brought in the value added tax and worked on pro-industry policies. Eight additional IITs were opened. His tenure was from 22 May 2004 – 22 May 2009, and he belonged to the Indian National Congress.
Narendra Modi – Narendra Damodardas Modi assumed office on May 24, 2014. He is the most powerful political leader in India and is the fifteenth Prime Minister of India. Modi has laid down a strict and a disciplined system of governance. Enforcement of many policies like Jan Dhan Yojna, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, clean Ganga Project for the upliftment of the nation.