Madhya Pradesh, the second largest state in India, was formed in the year 1950 from the former British provinces, Berar, and princely states. Later it was established completely in the year 1956, has a two-state system. Bhopal Became the Capital of the state. Bhopal was carved out from Sehore and Rajnandgaon from Durg; the total number became 45, 16 more districts were carved out from larger districts later and the number of districts became 61 in 1998. In 2000, under reorganization act, Chhattisgarh was carved out of the Madhya Pradesh. The most prominent parties have been Bhartiya Janata Party and Indian National Congress in the state.
Political Parties of Madhya Pradesh
BJP – Bhartiya Janta Party, BPI – Bolshevik Party of India, CPI – Communist party of India, FBL (MG) – F.B. (Marxist group), FBL (RG) – Forward Bloc (Ruikar Group), HMS – Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha, INC – Indian National Congress, KMPP – Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party, RRP – Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad, SCF – All India Scheduled Caste Federation, SP – Socialist Party, BLC – Bharatiya Lok Congress, SKP – S.K. Paksha
The state of Madhya Pradesh has a unicameral legislature and parliamentary form of government.
State Legislative Assembly
The Vidhan Sabha or State Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh comprises of 230 seats and a tenure of 5 years. The house is presided by the speaker and administration is handled from the office of Chief Minister.
Madhya Pradesh Lok Sabha Election 2014- An Overview
16th Lok Sabha Elections were held in three phases and for all 29 parliamentary seats in the state.The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) bagged 27 seats out of 29 and won the Madhya Pradesh state with the majority. Indian National Congress could hardly get 2 remaining seats.Other major and regional parties could not get any seats in spite of making all efforts and numerous pre-election campaigns.
After three full-term governments in the state, BJP is likely to face more anti-incumbency. A large-scale scam and discontentment amongst the farmers for the ruling party may make the path difficult for BJP in Lok Sabha elections. Indian National Congress who had been lurking for power since last three elections may make a come back this time subject to the unity of its party.