Maharashtra assembly has 288 seats. At present Bharatiya Janata Party is the single largest party with 122 and Shiv Sena has 63 seats.With total of 185 these two parties have formed a coalition government. Indian National Congress with 42 and Nationalist Congress Party with 41 are the major parties in the opposition.
Shiv Sena is playing a unique double role of partner in the government as well as the biggest opposition party in the state and is making position of BJP awkward. Election in the Indian state of Maharashtra is conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India.
The 2004 was witness to 14th Lok Sabha Elections in Maharashtra where the partners in Alliance of NDA-Shiv Sena backed 25 seats and Cong -13 and NCP- 9. The year 2009 which has 15th Lok Sabha Elections had a total share of seats, Congress- 17; NCP- 8; bjp-9; Shiv Sena- 11. 2014 which was 16th Lok Sabha Elections had NDA alliance with Shiv Sena BJP+:42 (bjp 23, Shiv Sena 18). Congress:2 and NCP: 4.
The 2014 assembly elections revealed that Maharashtra will possibly favour only right wing politics by electing 185 MLAs, from BJP+ Shiv Sena. Even in local body elections the two won all the corporations leaving nothing for secular forces. New crop of leaders are taking over from the older generation politicians. Sharad Pawar, Ashok Chavan, Bal Thackeray, Praksh Ambedkar etc are replaced by Devendra Fadnavis, Nitin Gadkari, Narayan Rane, Raj Thackeray, Udhav Thackeray, Ajit Pawar etc.
The General Elections are months away and all major political parties are working towards improvising and creating a self-victory, and BJP is already working on ways to repeat its 2014 performance. With all ups and downs in all coalitions and alliances between political parties in Maharashtra, it appears the leaders of both the parties BJP- Shiv Sena, are now trying to patch up once again. Congress-NCP are equally posing as a constant threat for the ruling parties.