It’s alleged that not the political parties who are boycotting elections in Nagaland, but the NGOs are. Many Civil organisations are boycotting elections in Nagaland because they want solution from government of India which was promised to them. In several encounters, the Government of India has assured to decades long years of Naga struggle for sovereignty and independent country. One such instance was on August 2015, when the Prime Minister Narendra Modi signed an accord called Nagaland Peace Accord and assured solution for Nagas.
The Naga political class which includes representatives of the Congress and the BJP along with 9 other political parties had signed a declaration following an appeal by the Core Committee of Naga Tribal Hohos and Civil Society Organisations that they abstain from the election if the centre goes ahead with it without concluding the Naga peace agreement. As the elections near there have been calls for State Bandh. Bharatiya Janata Party has also suspended its state executive council member Kheto Semaparty, who had signed the joint declaration with the state election in-charge Kiren Rijiju, which exclaimed that “Elections are a constitutional process and that Nagaland is bound by the Constitution”.
The Nagaland Legislative Assembly elections were held in February, 2018in 59 out of 60 constituencies of the Legislative Assembly of Nagaland. Out of 60 seats in the Nagaland Assembly 31 seats are needed for a majority. The BJP-led National Democratic Alliance and the ruling Naga People’s Front dissolved their electoral alliance prior to the election. The BJP instead chose to form an alliance with the newly formed Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party, led by former Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio.