Political History of Assam when talked about needs an overview definition of India. And India needs to be seen in terms of a civilizational nation. In a sense that from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and Balochistan to Burma is the same. There are other civilizational countries- primary among them China and Japan.
The political unification of Assam with the rest of India has happened only during the reigns of Chandragupta, Ashoka, Allauddin Khilji and Aurangzeb.
That doesn’t negate the cultural oneness of this land. The main difference between the rest part of India and Assam Is that where in rest India one can find atleast two rival political parties; but in Assam this situation doesn’t pre vails. In Assam there was a single party dominance and that was of Congress. The first wave of regional politics came with the formation with this political party. The 6 years long Assam, Agitation, Death of many Assamese protests and finally the Assam accord led to the formation of Assam Gana Parishad party (1985-present). Assam saw highest percentage of polling in the state legislature that year. The party formed a government taking the hopes from thousands of Assamese. But the government lost miserably. The economy sunk and unemployment hit new records. Hence, the people of Assam decided to not put faith in this party again. Hence, the once the mighty regional party was now fighting for maintaining just their simple existence. All Indian United Democratic Front (2005-present). This political party in Assamparty can now be called second powerful party of the state.
The main base of the party was Muslim underprivileged villagers from lower Assam whose Nationality always arises question among the people. Before AIUDF these people used to vote for the Congress. But this party couldn’t pose as a threat to Congress. The Bharatiya Janata Party had not really any influence on Assam. The party failed to gain attention of the public and the state leadership is not of a kind that can take on the Mighty Congress.
Now the mighty congress when came back to power in 2001 the congress did some pretty good things. At that time the whole economy was in a tough mode. The government employees were not adequately paid. There was not much stability in economy. Congress was always known for its practical approach. With minimum support they were capitalizing on the tricks politically.
The political scenario has changed over time, and Bharatiya Janata Party has had an outstanding performance in the Assam Assembly elections and also simultaneously in 2014 General Elections.
The year 2016 saw a Non-Congress government in Assam and the Bharatiya Janata Party came into power. The internal friction between the members of the state congress had stalled the progress.