Political History of Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir is a state in India. It is a large state that was ruled by Maharaja in the past. India being the southern part of Asia and Pakistan is a southern Asian country that neighbors India. It was originally a part of India. Politics of Jammu and Kashmir is as crucial and complex as it was in 1947.

In 1947, when the British left India some Muslims wanted a country of their own and even got it in the name of Pakistan. The rulers of Pakistan wanted to rule the areas which were Muslim dominated and hence they demanded dominance in the region of Jammu & Kashmir as well.Majority being Muslim in J&K, others were Hindus and Buddhists. Some Muslims wanted to be a part of Pakistan, some did not. And Pakistan had a plan to capture Kashmir by military force, followed which the attacked the state of Jammu and Kashmir in 1947. At that time, Maharaja Hari Singh ruled Jammu Kashmir, when Pakistan troops overran most of the state and Maharaja had to escape to India. This was the accession of the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India. Some Pakistani leaders to this day are unhappy that the whole of J & K is not a part of Pakistan. The political history of Jammu and Kashmir says a lot.

The Maharaja who ruled the state had signed agreement with both Pakistan and India to remain neutral and not be part of either country. Pakistan did not honoured that agreement, whereas India did. With the attack of Pakistan, Maharaja Fled to India where Maharaja asked for the help to India to give protection to him and his people who were looted and killed by the Pakistani raiders. This made Hari Singh agreeing to make Jammu and Kashmir very much part of India. The Indian authorities accepted the J&K accession to India and agreed to rescue his people from the Pakistani attackers. Indian troops were flown into the Kashmir valley and they managed to drive away most of the Pakistani raiders from the state. But a large area of the state remained under the control of Pakistani soldiers. These areas were difficult to reach because they were surrounded by tall mountain ranges. Also, India wanted to stop fighting. The fight ended with Pakistan retaining control of a large area of the state but India keeping larger part.

The plebiscite was not held because Pakistan refusal to vacate the large parts of Jammu and Kashmir, that had been occupied by its soldiers. The plebiscite was meant for all the people of the state of J&K and not just for those who lived in the Kashmir valley. But Pakistan felt that the parts of the state they had captured was theirs and would not part with it. Pakistan declined the agreement reached by the world body and refused to vacate its troops. The powerful countries of the world did nothing to ensure that Pakistan honoured the UN resolutions on Jammu and Kashmir. India could not therefore hold a plebiscite. Trouble still prevails in the region and there are also some leaders in Kashmir who wants situation to return to normalcy. Here both Kashmiri and the entire region can be at peace once they stop influence of terror fundamentalists, and the civilian may go hand in hand with the forces and the government.

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