Since its inception on 1st Nov 1956, Kerala politics have been dominated by two coalition fronts. The Communist Party of India (Marxist) – led Left Democratic Front (LDF) and the Indian National Congress-led United Democratic Front (UDF) since the late 1980’s. These two coalitions have been alternatively voted to power since 1982. So far 11 have served as Chief Minister.
Kerala was the first government to have democratically elected communist government without any sort of revolution or bloodshed. Kerala was an agrarian state and a victim of feudalism existent at that period of time because of its geographical advantages, near to the coast, near to the equator and population was clustered and not spread out like how it was in the plateaus or towards north where there is one settlement and huge expanses of land. After the October revolution in Russia, the inhuman living conditions of Kerala, communism gave a sense of hope to those who were victimized and oppressed and probably that’s how communism spread in Kerala like a wildfire.
Communism began to take effect in Kerala with the wave of protest against landlords when the literate farm laborers understood that they are being manipulated. Also, the support grew when police used forceful methods against agitations, which resulted in many deaths, turning them into martyrs. Communism became the strength of the lower caste, so much so that the farm laborers lower caste supported the idea of communism when the party promised land to the tiller and when the party stood for them against atrocities committed by rich class. Thus a communist government came into power in Kerala after its formation. This happened for the first time in the world that a Communist government is voted to power by the people.
The current scenario of Kerala politics says that among Hindus there is already a thought process that other religions are taking over them. Though majority of Hindus are supporting Communist parties from decades and when the central government is in full force to gain governance in Kerala, the patent hate game of religions have been trending. Kerala is different from other states as per the political structure. Political alliances have such an impact that most of the coalition partners maintain their loyalty towards respective alliances. So without any changes for acceptance, the governance keeps shuffling between the two fronts. However till then the political scenario in Kerala was characterized by continuity of shifting of alliances, party mergers and splits, factionalism within the coalition and within political parties, and the formation of a numerous splinter groups.