Political History of Nagaland

Before Indian Independence (1947) during British regime the Nagas were under the Naga Club as the Father Umbrella without any people and land division. Nagas were not known as Nagas of Assam, of Manipur, of Arunachal or the Myanmar Nagas. Instead Nagas were known as Nagas, of Nagaland.

The Indian Independence has unfortunately fragmented the Naga people and the Naga Land into five parts scattering the people in different states and country through Divide and Rule Policy of the Government of India. Today the people and the land are divided. After Indian Independence, the then Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru has declared Nagaland as a 16th State of Indian Union, with the political agreement under the External Affair signed between Naga People’s Conventions on 1st Dec 1963.

During that day the Naga People’s convention demanded for integration of all contiguous Naga inhabited areas should be under one administrative umbrella, but the government of India has given assurance it will be integrated in anytime, according to the constitution of India No. 4 & 5. An assurance which never seems to realise.

In this agreement Nagas were divided into five parts, i.e. Nagas of Nagaland, Manipur Naga, Myanmar Naga (International). Nagas of Indian and Myanmar are Nagas was constructed in the year 1970-71, but the Nagas of both side of the boundary destroyed and pulled down the pillar of division deciding to live in one land together as brothers undivided. The government of India’s alleged policy of dividing the Nagas into five pieces has led to so many conflicts within the Naga brothers. Refusing to agree upon the 16th Point Agreement, the NNC leaders went to other country like England, China and Pakistan, etc. seeking for solidarity to Nagas problem and betrayal by the government of India (allegedly). An agreement and a policy that which divides the Naga people and divide its land cannot be tolerated nor accepted.

Naga National Council (NNC) were fighting with both the country India and Myanmar for political sovereignty. The international issue of Naga problems had developed a sense of matured consideration. The main role of then and now Government of India should be a responsible and an authoritative approach towards integration of Nagaland in its historical original form without manipulation and delay of any kind. For the demand is not an imagination based claim, but based on fact history.



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