Himachal Pradesh has always provided home and shelter to oppressed people and rulers. Rulers from Northern parts of the country made Himachal home when Islamic rulers invaded their states.
Artists of the Mughal court found shelter in Himachal Pradesh after decline of the Mughal Empire following Nader Shah’s invasion. In the name of development, in 1961, the literacy rate of Himachal Pradesh was below the national average and today it boasts to be one of the highest literacy rates in India.The education revolution of Himachal is the most successful story so far in India.
In the three decade 1961-1991 period, female literacy in the 15-19 years age group went from 11% to 86%. With the increase in the efficiency of political movement in Himachal Pradesh, the state has recorded the third highest human development index after Kerala and Delhi among Indian states. Politics is said to be a peaceful activity and is in complete contrast to national politics. In Himachal, anti-incumbency and development work more than the party politics.
In 1939, at Ludhiana a decision of setting up of Praja Mandal in all Princely state in Himachal Pradesh in All India’s Conference. To ensure the democratic rights of the people in Dhami state, Bhagmal Sautha gave notice to the Rana of Dhami. Rana refused to comply with the demand of people. With several demonstartions against him, Rana ordered firing on the peaceful demonstrators. The Pajotha movement in 1939 witnessed Raja of Sirmour forcefully recruiting civilians to assist British forces at the time of 2nd World War. Sirmaur Praja Mandal, Dr. Parmar was district and session judge of Sirmaur and was exiled from Sirmaurdue to his differences with the Raja. In 1949 Dr. Parmar resigned his government job.
Since then, Himachal had witnessed numerous movements, in the name of, Chamba Praja Mandal, Kangra movement where non-co-operation and Satyagraha movements were successful. Mandi conference, Integration of Theog, Provisional Himachal Government, Suket Satyagraha also took place.
Himachal Pradesh name was proposed in a meeting of peoples representatives and local rulers on n26-28 February 1948, of Solan, which was presided over by the Rana of Bhagat Durga Singh.