Political Movement in Rajasthan

Thinking of freedom struggle of India in parts rather than as a nation won’t be appropriate. Moreover, the term used here “Rajasthan” was constituted of various Rajputana princely states of Bikaner, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Udaipur and Jaipur among others.

There are very few evidences of these above mentioned princely states taking part in Freedom struggle initially. But there is one evidence of 1938-39 when the effect of Praja mandals (initiated in Mysore, Hyderabad, Baroda and Indore among others) reached Jaipur and a major struggle broke out. The reason of this event can be attributed to the Praja mandals and confidence the Prince of Jaipur has got when Congress formed the first government (in 8 of the 11 provinces) in 1937. Eventually, this massive movement by Gandhi further ignited by individual Satyagraha and Quit India Movement when the whole nation supported the smart move of Gandhi; where even the strong pro-British lobbies of Bureaucrats, Aristocrats and Business class sided with Gandhi.

But the contribution of the people of geographical Rajasthan was as important as the contribution of the rest of the nation; but it would be better not to mention their contribution separately.

The Gurjar movement in Rajasthan in 2008 shows that every community has tried and succeeded in hijacking the benefits Lid out for those who actually need them. It is regrettable that the reservation system in India is based along the lines of caste and not class. On one hand, it does make sense to offer people from lower caste the security to avail the resources the country has to offer and lead a life of dignity and purpose. The Gurjar community has been consistently demanding a lower Scheduled Caste status, in place of their present Upper Other Backward class status.

Gurjar Hano hain Gurjar- farming and trading community- are classified by the government as an “Other Backward Class”. They are part of the caste system that do not face as much exclusion or discrimination in society. The state government however has so far declined to change their status. Instaed has announced to spend Rs. 2.82 billion ($67 million) for improving schools, clinics, roads and other infrastructure in Gurjar dominated areas. However, Gurjar leaders have said that they “do not want money”.  Kirori Singh Bhainsla, was the head of the main Gurjar protest organistaion issued a statement stating that, “We do not accept the economic package”. The fire of reservation has been since then
(2008) is burning and now the protestors are resorting to arson, blocking highways and trains, which is a painfully obvious attempt to twist the arm of the government and make it cave in.

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