It’s a collection of principalities. Each of them is an absolute Islamic Monarchy. But by and large it is stable. Benefitting from its political stability in a tumultuous region, (UAE) has shown some resilience with regards to falling oil prices. Amid reports of Human Rights abuses and arcane laws, there is also a progressive side to UAE. Though UAE has no political parties, there is a talk of steps being taken towards a democratic government. But as such, nothing substantial has been emerged.
The rulers hold power as per their dynastic position and their legitimacy in a system of tribal consensus. Rapid modernization, enormous strides in education, and the influx of a large foreign population have changed the face of the society but have not fundamentally altered this traditional political system. 6th December, 2006 witnessed first ever limited elections to select half members of Federal National Council, where (FNC) is the principal legislative authority, whose actual functioning in governmental process is of consultation. Another provision of Supreme Council of Rulers (SCR) consists of rulers of the seven emirates; it elects from among its members a president and a vice-president for a term of five years.
Local Government, each seven emirates has its own government, which functions with federal government. The Judicial and the Legal System has a federal judiciary including all the emirates except Dubai and Ras al Khaymah, who has its own court system that is not subject to Federal Supreme Court.
Off late, the country is breaking its old set barriers, where government is currently attempting a smart initiative of going maximum pro digital, gender reassignment surgery has been legalized. UAE is probably the first country pushing many initiatives regarding environment.
Its political process is both absolute monarchy with the power resting with monarch and Royal Family. The UAE IS A FEDERATED SYSTEM WITH THE INDIVIDUAL Emirates maintains high levels of control. Political freedom is restrictive in terms of freedom of expression and freedom of speech.But UAE has a broader aspect in terms of freedom of Religion. In all UAE is traditionally conservative but more liberal country in entire Gulf.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven constituent monarchies of, The Emirates of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain, Which has grown from a quiet backwater to one of the Middle East’s most important economic centres. Politically it remains authoritarian, whereas traditionally the country is conservative. The political system of UAE comprises a framework of Federal, Presidential and an absolute Monarchy. The convention terms the ruler of Abu Dhabi to be the President of the United Arab Emirates and the head of the state, and the ruler of Dubai is Prime Minister of United Arab Emirates, which is the head of the government. The cabinet of UAE is called Council of Ministers which is amicable body presided over by Prime Minister. Headed by Prime Minister, it has 22 members in it. Here, the acceptance of the decision of President is taken into full consideration. President and Supreme Council the internal and foreign affairs of the federation is controlled under its constitutional and federal laws.
The Executive Branch: -Each Emirates has its own system of government initially, the development of the Federal powers has been slow. Being a federation of seven Emirates, each emirate has its own ruler who responsibly sets up pace for the reforms of the local government. The ratio of sharing of power in matters of Revenue and mineral rights which is highly inclusive of Oil falls under the framed constitution of 1971.
Responsibilities of the UAE Government: – The UAE government has numerous responsibilities which are operational under the Federal authority. The scope of responsibilities includes, Security and defense, public health, foreign affairs, education, nationality and immigration issues, extradition of criminals, labour relations, currency, banking, licensing of aircraft, air traffic control services, telephone, postal and other communications. All the falls under the jurisdiction of each emirate, though certain responsibilities are excluded from the Constitution’s Article 120 and 121.
Power Division According to The Constitution:-UAE’s Constitution divides the federal powers into the judicial, legislative and executive branches. The executive and legislative powers are further divided into emirate and federal jurisdiction. The constitution also establishes the role and position of both the President and the Vice-President, who are elected rulers from the seven emirates. The seven Rulers form the Federal Supreme Council comprises of both a chairperson and Vice Chairman who are elected to serve a term of five (5) years, the cabinet led by Prime Minister, and an independent judiciary including Federal Supreme Court. Federal Supreme Council also includes 40 members of the National Assembly, a supreme council of rulers, members of a consultative body featuring partially elected and appointed members by rulers of the seven emirates.