Sikkim being the smallest and least populous state of the country saw a remarkable political era of Sikkim Sangram Parishad that remained in power for 10 years. Later it lost to SDF. Thought the first party to make the government in the state was Indian National Congress after the state was formed in 1975. After the formation of Vidhan Sabha in 1979, regular elections were held and INC loses to SSP. Now the most prominent party in the state is the Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) founded in 1993 by Shri Pawan Kumar Chamling, the current CM of the state. The party has remained in power since 2009.
Main Political Parties in Sikkim
National parties are: The Indian National Congress, The Bharatiya Janata party, The Communist Party of India (M), The Nationalist Congress Party.
State and regional parties are: The Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF), Sikkim Gorkha Prajatantric Party, Sikkim Himali Rajya Parishad Party, Sikkim Jan-Ekta Party.
Sikkim has a unicameral legislature, with only one house of the legislature also called the Vidhan Sabha.
State Legislative Assembly
Sikkim has an assembly of 32 directly elected members with a tenure of 5 years and situated in Gangtok, the capital of the state. The last Vidhan Sabha elections were held in 2009 with a good number of Voter turnouts. SDF came out victorious and now ruling the state.
Sikkim Lok Sabha Election 2014- An Overview
Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF), the ruling party of the state since the last election, magnanimously registered its victory in both Vidhan Sbahs and Lok Sabha Elections held in 2014. All major political parties like INC, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and Communist Party of India (CPI) also participated in the elections, lost badly to a local party, SDF. The smallest state has a single parliamentary constituency only.
The upcoming Lok Sabha Elections would be a rocky road for Bharatiya Janta Party in the smallest state of the country as per the stronghold of SDF on the government and local vote bank. Indian National Congress and Communist Party of India are also eyeing up for next Vidhan Sabha seat in the state. SDF definitely has as upper hand and fair chance to win the next elections in the state, but political roadways are always unpredictable. The ongoing Modi wave would turn the tables; this would be an interesting watch.