Member of Parliament are also the member of Lok Sabha and there are 545 seats in Lok Sabha out of which 543 are elected member by the citizens of India in the due process of General Elections which are held every five years and 2 are nominated by the President of India who are Anglo Indian.
Nature of MP’S:- Member of Lok Sabha can be the Minister in Central Government. The Member of Parliament is referred as “Sansad”. The members of Lok Sabha are elected popularly by constituencies in each of the Indian states and union territories, while members of the Rajya Sabha are elected indirectly by the state legislatures.
Difference between MP & MLA: – The Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district (constituency) to the Legislation of a state in the Indian system of government.
A MP is a Member of Parliament i.e. member of either of the two houses, the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. Both the Houses i.e. the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha is collectively known as the parliament of India which is also the supreme legislative body of the republic of India and dealwith law making pan India.
Role of MP: – The role and responsibility of MP are segregated to three main groups i.e. their constituency, Parliament and their political party. The domain of MP’s goes as participating in debates and voting on legislation and other matters.
Role of MLA: – Member of Legislative Assembly divides their time working in between their constituencies and their work in the Assembly. Their duties vary on them being a member of cabinet, a member of the opposition or a government backbencher. The MLA has also to serve as Members of various committees.
Salary of MP & MLA: – An MP’s basic salary presently is 50,000Rs. A joint committee of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha had prepared a report in hiking the salary from Rs. 50,000 to 1lakh Rs. Constituency allowance from Rs.45, 000 to Rs. 90,000 and Secretarial assistance plus office allowance from Rs. 45,000 to Rs. 90,000.
Average MLA salary in India is Rs. 1, 10,000. The salary of MLA includes Allowances and Perquisites.
Constituencies: – Lok Sabha is the Lower House of the Parliament in India and it is made up of MP’S, where, each MP relates to his/her geographic constituency. Currently there are 543 constituencies.
Referring to a constituency of an MLA the word “Sitting” is used. Each state has between seven to nine MLA’s for every Member of Parliament.