The parliament is the superior governing body in any country. The Parliament of India is one of the biggest parliamentary houses all over the world. It primarily composes of two houses which are segregated as Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. While the Rajya is widely known as (Upper house)Councilof states, Lok Sabha is known as house of the people (LowerHouse). The president is termed as the highest authority in the legislature of the country and holds the power to summon and dissolve the either of the houses of parliament.
As per the stated Constitution of India, Rajya Sabha popularly is known as council of states which is
the upper house of the parliament of India. The maximum numbers of members Rajya Sabha can have as per the constitution of India is 250.But the amended laws have provision for only 245 members. The Rajya sabha members are elected by the state and Union territories, while the exalted president can also appoint 12 members in Rajya sabha for their significant contributions in verticals like sports, arts, Literature etc. in simple terms the citizens elect their MLA’s and the MLA’s elect the Rajya Sabha members.The Rajya sabha is a permanent house and cannot be dissolved but one-third of the Rajya sabha members retire every second and their place is filled by the newly elected members. The members sit for six year term where 1/3rd members retires every two years.
The Lok Sabha is vastly known as lower house of the parliament of India. The members of the Lok sabha is elected by the general elections and also with first-past-the-post system, where the members hold their seats for five years, in each state and it can be dissolved by the president. The Council of Ministers adds upto the advice to the President. The constitution of India allows maximum 552 members in the lower house however, at present Lok Sabha has 545. Seats among which 543 members are elected via election and 2 members are from Anglo-Indian community which are elected by the president of India.
The 16th Lok Sabha was elected in the year 2014 and is the latest to the date.
Prime Differences betweenRajya Sabha and Lok Sabha: