Rajya Sabha is the Upper House of the Parliament of India and is also termed as the Upper House. Most of the members of the House get elected indirectly by state and the legislatures by the usage of single transferrable votes, and the President of India has the authority where he/she can appoint 12 members for their contribution to art, literature, science, and even social services. Rajya Sabha is a continuing Chamber that it is not subject to dissolution. One third of its members retires every second year and remains as a part of the house for the next six years. This process ensures stability and protects the continuity in the House and government, even in the case of change in the center and the government.
Type: – Rajya Sabha is termed to be the Upper House of the Parliament of India which has its term limits of six years.
Leadership: – Rajya Sabha is processed under the leadership of Vice-President who is also ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. There consist two leaders of the House representing the Ruling Party and from the Opposition. They are named as Leader of the House.
Election Procedure: – A member of Rajya Sabha should be a citizen of India and the eligibility age is of 30 years. There are 245 members in Rajya Sabha out of which 233 are Representatives of State and the Union Territories and 12 members are nominated by the President of India. In other words citizens elect their MLA’s and the MLA’s elect their Rajya Sabha Members.
Functions: – Rajya Sabha acts as second chamber and not as a secondary chamber in the Parliament. Rajya Sabha is generally expected to give well thought and studied discussion on Bills in the house. Bills passed in the haste in the Lower house needs to be given proper thought upon.
Cause of Concern: – Politics of boycotting the house and toeing on the party-line even on the issue that won’t attract disqualification provisions is a worrying thing. Also the low attendance in RS is a major cause of concern. Many at times it has been judged as the back door for the politicians who have lost the general elections etc. which is not seen as a healthy trend.
Positive Points: – RS keeps a watch on the center’s intrusion on the state’s list and many a times instances have been seen how effectively a RS MP has raised a voice in the house and the voice has been echoed in the LS too.
Rajya Sabha is an effectively envisaged institutions and it is said that an institution becomes better or worse depends on how the stakeholders present it, uses it for the betterment of people in totality.
The only need of an hour is to make the institution as the voice of the people rather than the voice of different political parties singing in different chorus.
Below mentioned are the statistics of the elected members in Rajya Sabha.
|1||Andhra Pradesh (AP)||11|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh (AR)||1|
|9||Himachal Pradesh (HP)||3|
|10||Jammu & Kashmir (J&K)||4|
|14||Madhya Pradesh (MP)||11|
|24||Tamil Nadu (TN)||18|
|27||Uttar Pradesh (UP)||31|
|29||West Bengal (WB)||16|
|30||National Capital Territory of Delhi (DL)||3|
|Leader of the Opposition|
|High Court of Judicature|
|Chief Electoral Officer|