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Tamil Nadu Political Background

Post Independence, The Country’s most prominent party Indian National Congress had ruled over the state of Tamil Nadu, The state was renamed as Tamil Nadu in August 1968 and first regional party to be formed in the state was Justice Party. Then other two prominent parties those have been ruling the state alternatively since 1977, are Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIDMK). Jayaram Jayalalitha of the AIADMK is one of the famous politician and female Chief Minister for a longest-term in Tamil Nadu. M Karunanidhi of DMK has been appointed Chief Minister for five times.

Political Parties in Tamil Nadu

National parties: Indian National congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)), Communist Party of India (CPI)

Regional parties: All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK), Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), Dravidar Kazhagam or Dravida Kazhagam (DK), Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK), Manithaneya Makkal Katchi, Puthiya Tamilagam, Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi

The Legislature-

The state of Tamil Nadu has a unicameral lawmaking body with one house of the State Legislative Assembly.

State Legislative Assembly

Also known as Vidhan Sabha, The Tamil Nadu State Legislative Assembly has tenure of five years and with 234 elected members and one nominated member of Anglo Indian community. The state represents by 29 directly elected members in Lok Sabha and 18 indirectly elected members in Rajya Sabha.

Tamil Nadu Lok Sabha Election 2014- An Overview

As per the speculations, All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) had a sweeping victory by grabbing 37 seats out of 39. Other national and regional parties in the state of Tamil Nadu could not win any seats, even DMK and Congress those were dominant in Tamil Nadu politics, faced a bad fortune.

Upcoming Elections

After the sudden demise of Jayalalitha in 2016, the politics in the state has been in flux. Congress and DMK have an eye for next win, and would not hesitate for a coalition government if needed. BJP has made a firm grip in North and Northeast with ongoing Modi Wave and would be keeping interest for the largest southern state. The upcoming elections would have a lot of surprises to be revealed.

Quick facts for Tamil Nadu Elections

Parliamentary Constituencies39
Assembly Constituencies 234
Chief MinisterShri Edappadi K Palaniswami
GovernorShri Banwarilal Purohit
Ruling PartyAIADMK
Leader of the OppositionShri M. K. Stalin, DMK,
High Court of JudicatureMadras High Court
Chief Electoral OfficerRajesh Lakhoni
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